The museum was founded on January 1, 1935. Seventy-two works of Russian artists received from the State Tretyakov Gallery and the Hermitage make up the basis of the museum. The museum includes works by painters and sculptors of both the Soviet Era and modern Kyrgyzstan, as well as items of traditional Kyrgyz decorative and applied arts – which allow one to see and understand the development stages of the Kyrgyz culture and art – and that of the formation of national school of professional fine arts. Among the artists of famous works presented in the museum, it is worth mentioning G. Aitiev, S. Chuikov, S. Akylbekov, L. Ilyina, T. Sadykov, and T. Herzen. Today, there are about 18,000 artworks in the museum, and it is regularly updated with the works of Kyrgyz artists.